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Methodology of Classroom Action Research

Patrisius Istiarto Djiwandono
Universitas Ma Chung, Malang


The presentation brings up the essential stages of conducting a classroom action research. It covers the basic steps that begins with the identification of research problems and ends with a conclusion that is based on the results of the data analysis.
The presentation begins with a definition of methodology. Methodology is defined as the systematic acts of determining the subjects/respondents, the research design, data collection, and data analysis that will help  achieve the research  objectives. Then, it outlines the major characteristics of classroom research, emphasizing on the classroom daily practices as the primary source of the problem, and the cyclical nature of the research.
The presentation then moves on to explaining the five basic steps of a classroom action research, stressing on the identification of the problems, making a theory-based conjecture about the most possible causes, and determining the most appropriate and feasible solution, which then is implemented and measured for its effectiveness. A quick look at types of data collection is presented with reference to the next plenary session.
The presentation proceeds to the formulation of research problems and research objectives, insisting that such acts should always imply a question as to whether the proposed solution will have any positive effect on the learning.
Next, the presentation explains Time Series Design as the most feasible research design in a classroom context. It goes to the details of every possible result of such design. It then presents possible cases which clarifies further the main stages explained above. This is followed by an explanation about Sign test, a simple statistical analysis for drawing a meaningful conclusion from a set of data obtained from the classroom.
Finally, the presentation concludes with a highlight of common weaknesses that often occur in classroom action research. It is expected to heighten the audiences’ awareness of such pitfalls in this type of research.

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